“Learning never exhausts the mind.”– Leonardo da Vinci
Training and development are two interrelated concepts that are often misunderstood. Training employees and developing their skills are common activities undertaken by almost all businesses around the world.
Have you ever wondered the actual roots of the concept of Training and development?
Training includes a series of activities taken by employees to upgrade their skills, aptitude and knowledge. The resultant knowledge would help the employees to excel in their respective jobs. Alternatively, researchers also define it as an organized set of tasks, conducted by the employers or employees themselves to bring a change in their behaviour and attitude towards the job.
Development is a continuous informative process, which helps the employees understand their overall growth out of the training activities.
According to William G. Torpey, “Training is the process of developing skill, knowledge, habits and aptitudes in employees for the purpose of increasing the effectiveness of employees in their present government position as well as preparing the employee for future government positions.” However, According to Edwin Flippo, ‘training is the act of increasing the skills of an employee for doing a particular job’.
The main objective of the training is to make employees flexible to change in pace with the future innovations.
Characteristics of Traning
- Traning must enhance the skills and managerial abilities of the employees
- The training material should be related to the job requirements
- The Traning program needs strong support and involvement from the top management
- It should be flexible
- Effective training programs are followed by appraisals to reward the training efforts
- For the new employees, the training program should bring in an attitude change.
Levels of Employee Training in an organization
- Unskilled Workers
Traning for unskilled workers aims to improve their job handling skills, which would in turn reduce the cost of labour to organizations. In most cases, such activities of training are conducted by immediate supervisors or foremen while on the job.
- Semi-Skilled Workers
These training programs are conducted to make employees cope up with constant changes in the industry. The training which is usually carried out by a high performer or even an external professional enhances the abilities of the employees to be more flexible and open to changes.
- Skilled Workers
The Skilled workers are given systematics training to improve their existing job skills. This can be through apprenticeship, management training, which are conducted by managers, senior supervisors or even an external trainer.
- Top Management
The top management members are given the training to make them up to date with the advancing technological improvements. The training programmes for the supervisory staff must be specific and tailor-made to fit the need of the undertaking.
6 Types of Employee Training Programs
- Job Training
- Induction Training
- Safety Training
- Refresher Training
- Promotional Training
- Remedial training
Training is required at every stage of work and for every employee. It plays an important role in keeping one updated with the fast-changing technologies, environments, culture and values.
Employee Training programs are also necessary for any organization to improve the quality of the employees’ work at all levels. It is also required when a person is moved from one assignment to another of a different nature.
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